The Science Behind Matcha’s Antioxidant Power

Matcha has gained prominence in the world of superfoods due to its outstanding antioxidant properties and numerous health benefits. This blog investigates the science of matcha’s antioxidant power, covering its origins, health advantages, the role of antioxidants, and how genetic factors such as theophylline sensitivity might affect your matcha experience.


Matcha, a finely milled powder from specially grown and processed green tea leaves, has been a celebrated part of Japanese tea ceremonies for centuries. Today, it is recognised worldwide for its potent antioxidant properties and health benefits. This blog aims to explore the science behind matcha’s antioxidant power, providing an in-depth understanding of why this vibrant green powder is deemed a health powerhouse.

What is Matcha?

History and Origin

Matcha originated in China during the Tang Dynasty (618–907 AD), but the Japanese perfected its cultivation and preparation methods in the 12th century. Zen Buddhist monks used matcha for its calming and focus-enhancing properties, which supported their meditation practices. Over time, matcha became integral to Japanese culture and traditional tea ceremonies.

The Unique Production Process

Matcha’s unique production process distinguishes it from other green teas. The process starts several weeks before harvest when tea bushes are shaded to increase chlorophyll levels and boost amino acid production. After harvesting, the leaves are steamed, dried, and stone-ground into a fine powder. This meticulous process ensures matcha retains its vibrant colour and maximises its nutritional content.

Understanding Antioxidants

Types of Antioxidants

Antioxidants are molecules that prevent the oxidation of other molecules, protecting cells from damage caused by free radicals. There are various types of antioxidants, including vitamins (such as vitamin C and E), flavonoids, and polyphenols. Each type plays a specific role in maintaining health and preventing disease.

Role of Antioxidants in Health

Antioxidants are crucial for protecting the body against oxidative stress, which can lead to chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and neurodegenerative disorders. By neutralising free radicals, antioxidants help reduce inflammation, boost the immune system, and promote overall health.

Matcha’s Antioxidant Power

Catechins: The Key Compounds

The primary antioxidants in matcha are catechins, a type of polyphenol. The most potent catechin in matcha is epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), known for its powerful health-promoting properties. EGCG has been extensively studied for its ability to combat inflammation, support heart health, and provide anti-cancer effects.

Comparative Antioxidant Levels

Matcha has significantly higher antioxidant levels compared to other green teas. Research has shown that matcha contains up to 137 times more EGCG than traditional green tea. This high concentration of antioxidants is due to matcha’s unique growing and processing methods, which preserve the integrity of its compounds.

Health Benefits of Matcha

Boosting Metabolism and Weight Loss

One of the most well-known benefits of matcha is its ability to boost metabolism and aid in weight loss. The combination of caffeine and EGCG in matcha has been shown to increase thermogenesis, the body’s rate of burning calories. Regular consumption of matcha can enhance fat oxidation, making it a valuable addition to a weight loss regimen.

Enhancing Mental Clarity and Focus

Matcha is renowned for enhancing mental clarity and focus, thanks to the presence of L-theanine, an amino acid that promotes relaxation without causing drowsiness. The combination of L-theanine and caffeine in matcha provides a sustained energy boost and improved cognitive function, making it an excellent choice for those seeking to enhance productivity and concentration.

Supporting Heart Health

Matcha’s high antioxidant content, particularly EGCG, plays a crucial role in supporting heart health. Studies have shown that EGCG can help lower LDL (bad) cholesterol levels, reduce blood pressure, and improve overall cardiovascular health. Regular consumption of matcha can contribute to a healthier heart and a reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Detoxifying the Body

The chlorophyll in matcha not only gives it its vibrant green colour but also acts as a powerful detoxifier. Chlorophyll helps eliminate heavy metals and toxins from the body, promoting overall detoxification and supporting liver health. Incorporating matcha into your diet can aid in cleansing the body and maintaining optimal health.

The Science Behind Matcha

Bioavailability of Matcha’s Nutrients

One of matcha’s key advantages is its superior bioavailability compared to other green teas. When you consume matcha, you ingest the entire tea leaf, resulting in a higher concentration of nutrients. The finely ground powder allows for better absorption of its beneficial compounds, maximising its health benefits.

Clinical Studies and Research

Numerous clinical studies have demonstrated matcha’s health benefits. For example, a study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found that green tea extract, rich in EGCG, significantly increased fat oxidation during moderate-intensity exercise. Another study in the Journal of Medicinal Food highlighted matcha’s neuroprotective effects, suggesting its potential in preventing cognitive decline.

Theophylline Sensitivity and Matcha

Understanding Theophylline

Theophylline is a naturally occurring compound in tea leaves, including matcha. It is structurally similar to caffeine and has stimulant properties. Theophylline is known to relax the smooth muscles of the respiratory tract, making it beneficial for individuals with asthma or other respiratory conditions.

Genetic Factors and Sensitivity

Genetic variations can influence how individuals metabolise theophylline. Some people may experience heightened sensitivity to the compound, leading to symptoms such as jitteriness, increased heart rate, or insomnia. Understanding your genetic predisposition to theophylline sensitivity can help you tailor your matcha consumption to suit your unique needs.

How CircleDNA Can Help

CircleDNA’s Premium DNA Test Kit provides comprehensive insights into your genetic makeup, including your sensitivity to compounds like theophylline. By understanding your genetic predispositions, you can make informed decisions about your diet and lifestyle, optimising your health and wellness. With CircleDNA, you can discover how your body interacts with matcha and other foods, ensuring you reap the maximum benefits without adverse effects.

Incorporating Matcha into Your Diet

Traditional Preparation Methods

The traditional method of preparing matcha involves whisking the powder with hot water to create a frothy, vibrant green tea. Here’s a simple guide to making traditional matcha:


  • 1 teaspoon of matcha powder
  • 2 ounces of hot water (not boiling)


  1. Sift the matcha powder into a bowl to remove any clumps.
  2. Add hot water to the bowl.
  3. Use a bamboo whisk (chasen) to whisk the matcha in a zigzag motion until frothy.
  4. Enjoy your matcha tea as is, or sweeten with a bit of honey if desired.

Modern Culinary Uses

Matcha’s versatility extends beyond traditional tea preparation. It can be incorporated into various recipes, adding a nutritional boost and a unique flavour. Here are some modern ways to enjoy matcha:

Matcha Smoothie


  • 1 teaspoon of matcha powder
  • 1 banana
  • 1 cup of almond milk
  • 1 tablespoon of honey
  • 1/2 cup of spinach


  1. Combine all ingredients in a blender.
  2. Blend until smooth.
  3. Pour into a glass and enjoy a refreshing, antioxidant-rich smoothie.

Matcha Energy Balls


  • 1 cup of rolled oats
  • 1/2 cup of almond butter
  • 1/4 cup of honey
  • 1 tablespoon of matcha powder
  • 1/4 cup of shredded coconut


  1. In a bowl, mix the oats, almond butter, honey, and matcha powder until well combined.
  2. Roll the mixture into small balls.
  3. Coat each ball with shredded coconut.
  4. Refrigerate for at least 30 minutes before serving.

Potential Side Effects and Precautions

While matcha is generally considered safe for most people, it is essential to consume it in moderation. Excessive intake of matcha can lead to side effects such as headaches, insomnia, and digestive issues due to its caffeine and theophylline content. Pregnant and breastfeeding women should consult with a healthcare provider before incorporating matcha into their diet. Additionally, individuals with a high sensitivity to caffeine or theophylline should monitor their matcha consumption to avoid adverse effects.

Conclusion: The Future of Matcha in Health and Wellness

Matcha’s antioxidant power and health benefits make it a valuable addition to a balanced diet. As more research uncovers the full extent of its benefits, matcha is set to remain a staple in the health and wellness community. Whether you aim to boost your metabolism, enhance mental clarity, support heart health, or detoxify your body, matcha offers a natural and effective solution.

To truly optimise your health and wellness journey, understanding how your body responds to superfoods like matcha is crucial. CircleDNA’s Premium DNA Test Kit provides personalised insights into your genetic makeup, including your sensitivity to compounds like theophylline. With over 500 comprehensive reports on nutrition, fitness, stress, and disease risk, CircleDNA empowers you to make informed decisions tailored to your unique genetic profile. Take control of your health with CircleDNA and discover how to maximise the benefits of matcha and other superfoods.


Chen, L., & Lee, M. J. (2014). Epigallocatechin gallate: A beneficial catechin from green tea. Food & Function, 5(10), 2573-2583. doi:10.1039/C4FO00328D

Cooper, R. (2012). Green tea and theanine: Health benefits. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 63(Suppl 1), 90-97. doi:10.3109/09637486.2011.629180

Drewnowski, A., & Gomez-Carneros, C. (2000). Bitter taste, phytonutrients, and the consumer: A review. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 72(6), 1424-1435. doi:10.1093/ajcn/72.6.1424

Higdon, J. V., & Frei, B. (2003). Tea catechins and polyphenols: Health effects, metabolism, and antioxidant functions. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 43(1), 89-143. doi:10.1080/10408690390826464

Nishida, Y., Suzuki, K., Yoshida, M., & Kondo, K. (2015). The beneficial effects of matcha on cognition and mood in healthy individuals: A randomized placebo-controlled study. Nutrients, 7(9), 7189-7202. doi:10.3390/nu7095327Smith, T. J., & Dou, Q. P. (2001). Green tea polyphenol epigallocatechin inhibits DNA replication and consequently induces leukemia cell apoptosis. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 7(6), 645-652. doi:10.3892/ijmm.7.6.645

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